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Palomar/Las Campanas Imaging Atlas of Blue Compact Dwarf Galaxies. II. Surface Photometry and the Properties of the Underlying Stellar Population
We present the results from an analysis of surface photometry of B, R,and Hα images of a total of 114 nearby galaxies(vhelio<4000 km s-1) drawn from the Palomar/LasCampanas Imaging Atlas of blue compact dwarf (BCD) galaxies. Surfacebrightness and color profiles for the complete sample have beenobtained. We determine the exponential and Sérsic profiles thatbest fit the surface brightness distribution of the underlying stellarpopulation detected in these galaxies. We also compute the (B-R) colorand total absolute magnitude of the underlying stellar population andcompared them to the integrated properties of the galaxies in thesample. Our analysis shows that the (B-R) color of the underlyingpopulation is systematically redder than the integrated color, except inthose galaxies where the integrated colors are strongly contaminated byline and nebular-continuum emission. We also find that galaxies withrelatively red underlying stellar populations [typically (B-R)>=1mag] show structural properties compatible with those of dwarfelliptical galaxies (i.e., a smooth light distribution, fainterextrapolated central surface brightness, and larger scale lengths thanBCD galaxies with blue underlying stellar populations). At least ~15% ofthe galaxies in the sample are compatible with being dwarf elliptical(dE) galaxies experiencing a burst of star formation. For the remainingBCD galaxies in the sample we do not find any correlation between therecent star formation activity and their structural differences withrespect to other types of dwarf galaxies.

Gas and Stars in an H I-Selected Galaxy Sample
We present the results of a J-band study of the H I-selected AreciboDual-Beam Survey and Arecibo Slice Survey galaxy samples using TwoMicron All Sky Survey data. We find that these galaxies span a widerange of stellar and gas properties. However, despite the diversitywithin the samples, we find a very tight correlation between luminosityand size in the J band, similar to that found in a previous paper byRosenberg & Schneider between the H I mass and size. We also findthat the correlation between the baryonic mass and the J-band diameteris even tighter than that between the baryonic mass and the rotationalvelocity.

New insights to the photometric structure of Blue Compact Dwarf Galaxies from deep near-infrared studies. II. The sample of northern BCDs
This paper is part of a series of publications which present asystematic study of Blue Compact Dwarf (BCD) Galaxies in the nearinfrared (NIR). Compared to the visible light, NIR data allow a betterseparation of the starburst emission from the light distribution of theold stellar low-surface brightness (LSB) host galaxy. We analyze deepNIR broad band images of a sample of 11 BCDs, observed with the CalarAlto 3.6 m telescope. This work enlarges the samples presented inpreceding papers of this study (Noeske et al. \cite{Noeske2003},A&A, 410, 481; Cairós et al. \cite{c03a}, ApJ, 593, 312) byBCDs of the most common morphological type, displaying a regularelliptical LSB host galaxy. The data presented here allow the detectionand quantitative study of the extended stellar LSB host galaxy in allsample BCDs. The NIR surface brightness profiles (SBPs) of the LSB hostgalaxies agree at large galactocentric radii with those from opticalstudies, showing also an exponential intensity decrease and compatiblescale lengths. Similar to Noeske et al. (\cite{Noeske2003}), we findcentrally flattening exponential (type V) SBPs of the host galaxy forseveral BCDs. Such SBPs remain mostly undetected in optical bands, dueto the comparatively stronger starburst emission at these wavelengths.We apply a modified exponential distribution to decompose andquantitatively analyze SBPs of LSB hosts with a type V intensitydistribution. We present the results of the surface photometry and thedecomposition of SBPs, and discuss individual objects with respect tomorphological details of their star-forming regions.Table 2 is also available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymousftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or via http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/ cgi-bin/ qcat?J/A+A/429/115Figures 2 to 11 are only available in electronic form athttp://www.edpsciences.orgGerman-Spanish Astronomical Center, Calar Alto, operated by theMax-Planck-Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg, jointly with the SpanishNational Commission for Astronomy.

Catalog of Double Nucleus Disk Galaxies
We have compiled a catalog of disk galaxies that have a double nucleus,through systematic examination of existing catalogs and publications.The Catalog of Double Nucleus Disk Galaxies includes 107 objects,together with their basic data. The aim of the catalog is to provide amore systematic and homogeneous basis for the study of the relevance ofgalaxy interactions and minor mergers in the formation of these doublenuclei. We have also investigated possible correlations betweengeometric and photometric parameters of the double nuclei and their hostgalaxies. The preliminary results indicate the presence of severalsignificant correlations that should be considered in any theoreticalscenario describing minor mergers and disk galaxy evolution.

Palomar/Las Campanas Imaging Atlas of Blue Compact Dwarf Galaxies. I. Images and Integrated Photometry
We present B, R, and Hα images for a total of 114 nearby galaxies(vhelio<4000 km s-1) that, with exception ofnine objects, are classified as blue compact dwarfs (BCDs). BRintegrated magnitudes, Hα fluxes and Hα equivalent widthsfor all the objects in the sample are presented. A new set ofquantitative, observational criteria for a galaxy to be classified as aBCD is proposed. These criteria include a limit on the K-band luminosity(i.e., stellar mass; MK>-21 mag), peak surface brightness(μB,peak<22 mag arcsec-2), and color at thepeak surface brightness(μB,peak-μR,peak<~1). Hα emissionis detected in all but three sample galaxies. Typical color, absolutemagnitude, and Hα luminosity are (B-R)=0.7+/-0.3 mag,MB=-16.1+/-1.4 mag, and log (LHα)=40.0+/-0.6(ergs s-1). Galaxies morphologically classified as nE and iEBCDs within our sample show lower Hα equivalent widths and reddercolors, on average, than the iI- and i0-type BCDs. For most of thegalaxies the presence of an evolved stellar population is required toexplain their observed properties; only the most metal-poor BCDs (e.g.,I Zw 18, Tol 65) are still compatible with a pure, young burst. Theflux-calibrated and WCS-compliant images in this Atlas are individuallyavailable through the NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database (NED) imageserver and collectively through a dedicated Web page.

The Contribution of H I-rich Galaxies to the Damped Lyα Absorber Population at z = 0
We present a study of the expected properties of the low-redshift dampedLyα absorber population determined from a sample of H I-selectedgalaxies in the local universe. Because of a tight correlation betweenthe H I mass and H I cross section, which we demonstrate spans allgalaxy types, we can use our H I-selected sample to predict theproperties of the absorption-line systems. We use measurements of thenumber density and H I cross section of galaxies to show that the totalH I cross section at column densities sufficient to produce dampedLyα absorption is consistent with no evolution of the absorberpopulation. We also find that the dN/dz distribution is dominated bygalaxies with H I masses near 109 Msolar. However,because of the large dispersion in the correlation between H I mass andstellar luminosity, we find that the distribution of dN/dz as a functionof LJ is fairly flat. In addition, we examine the line widthsof the H I-selected galaxies and show that there may be evolution in thekinematics of H I-rich galaxies, but it is not necessary for the higherredshift population to contain a greater proportion of high-massgalaxies than we find locally.

An H I Survey of Actively Star-forming Dwarf Galaxies
We present the results of H I 21 cm observations of 139 activelystar-forming dwarf galaxies obtained with the 305 m radio telescope atArecibo Observatory. Our sample consists of all objects cataloged inobjective-prism surveys for UV-excess or emission-line galaxiespublished prior to the start of the survey that have luminosities belowMB=-17.0 and that are located within the declination limitsof the Arecibo telescope. Galaxies from the Markarian, Michigan, Case,Wasilewski, Haro, and Zwicky lists are included. The sample spans a widerange of both H I gas content and star formation levels. A total of 122objects (88%) were detected; 82 galaxies have been observed for thefirst time in H I. The median velocity width for our sample is 88 kms-1, and the median H I gas mass is 3.0×108Msolar. In general, the sample galaxies are gas-rich, with anaverage MHI/LB=1.3 after correcting for theluminosity enhancement due to the starburst. The progenitors of many ofthe star-forming dwarfs have higher MHI/LB thantypically seen in samples of nearby ``normal'' galaxies, emphasizingtheir distinct nature.

The Morphologies of Dwarf Markarian Galaxies
The morphologies of the 96 dwarf (M(B) -17m) galaxies in the Markariancatalog are determined from the digitized Schmidt plates obtained forthe construction of the Hubble Space Telescope Guide Star Catalog. Thefraction of double nucleus galaxies within the dwarf Markarian galaxiesis determined to be twice that found for all galaxies in the Markariancatalog. In addition to the 12 previously known cases, four definite andtwo probable galaxies with double nuclei are identified. The fraction ofdwarf Markarian galaxies with bright star forming regions is found to betwice that of Virgo cluster dwarf galaxies. No Elliptical galaxies arefound in the sample. Galaxies with blue compact dwarf and S0morphologies are more often found to contain unresolved regions of UVexcess emission. Dwarf Markarian galaxies with different morphologicalstructures and spectral classes are found to have similar FIRproperties.

The Arecibo Dual-Beam Survey: Arecibo and VLA Observations
The Arecibo Dual-Beam Survey is a ``blind'' 21 cm search for galaxiescovering ~430 deg2 of sky. We present the data from thedetection survey as well as from the follow-up observations to confirmdetections and improve positions and flux measurements. We find 265galaxies, many of which are extremely low surface brightness. Some ofthese previously uncataloged galaxies lie within the zone of avoidance,where they are obscured by the gas and dust in our Galaxy. Eighty-one ofthese sources are not previously cataloged optically, and there are 11galaxies that have no associated optical counterpart or are onlytentatively associated with faint wisps of nebulosity on the DigitizedSky Survey images. We discuss the properties of the survey, and inparticular we make direct determinations of the completeness andreliability of the sample. The behavior of the completeness and itsdependencies is essential for determining the H I mass function. Weleave the discussion of the mass function for a later paper, but do notethat we find many low surface brightness galaxies and seven sources withMHI<108 Msolar. The AreciboObservatory is part of the National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center,which is operated by Cornell University under cooperative agreement withthe National Science Foundation. in Puerto Rico.

Arcsecond Positions of UGC Galaxies
We present accurate B1950 and J2000 positions for all confirmed galaxiesin the Uppsala General Catalog (UGC). The positions were measuredvisually from Digitized Sky Survey images with rms uncertaintiesσ<=[(1.2")2+(θ/100)2]1/2,where θ is the major-axis diameter. We compared each galaxymeasured with the original UGC description to ensure high reliability.The full position list is available in the electronic version only.

A multifrequency radio continuum and IRAS faint source survey of markarian galaxies
Results are presented from a multifrequency radio continumm survey ofMarkarian galaxies (MRKs) and are supplemented by IRAS infrared datafrom the Faint Source Survey. Radio data are presented for 899 MRKsobserved at nu = 4.755 GHz with the National Radio Astronomy Observatory(NRAO)-Green Bank 300 foot (91 m) telescope, including nearly 88% ofthose objects in Markarian lists VI-XIV. In addition, 1.415 GHzmeasurements of 258 MRKs, over 30% of the MRKs accessible from theNational Aeronomy and Ionosphere Center (NAIC)-Arecibo, are reported.Radio continuum observations of smaller numbers of MRKs were made at10.63 GHz and at 23.1 GHz and are also presented. Infrared data from theIRAS Faint Source Survey (Ver. 2) are presented for 944 MRKs, withreasonably secure identifications extracted from the NASA/IPACExtragalactic Database. MRKs exhibit the same canonical infraredcharacteristics as those reported for various other galaxy samples, thatis well-known enhancement of the 25 micrometer/60 micrometer color ratioamong Seyfert MRKs, and a clear tendency for MRKs with warmer 60micrometer/100 micrometer colors to also possess cooler 12 micrometer/25micrometer colors. In addition, non-Seyfert are found to obey thewell-documented infrared/radio luminosity correlation, with the tightestcorrelation seen for starburst MRKs.

Optical imaging and long-slit spectroscopy of Markarian galaxies with multiple nuclei. I - Basic data
Optical CCD images and long-slit spectroscopic data are presented forover 100 Markarian (UV-excess) galaxies reported in early studies topossess multiple optical nuclei or extreme morphological peculiaritiessuggestive of galaxy collisions and mergers. Stacked broad-band imagesare presented with histogram equalization in order to showsimultaneously the nuclei and features at very low surface-brightnesslevels. Morphological properties, luminosities and colors of theintegral systems are given. Photometric and image properties of over 200individual nuclei and giant H II regions have been measured with respectto the local backgrounds in the galaxies using an objective imagefinding algorithm. Labeled contour plots identify the measuredsubcomponents. Two-dimensional spectral data are presented, in additionto intensity profiles along the slit in the light of H-alpha + forbiddenN II emission lines and adjacent continuum. Nuclear emission-linemeasurements, reddening estimates, monochromatic continuum magnitudes,and colors are given.

H I observations of galaxies in the Hercules supercluster. II - Additional UGC galaxies and galaxies in selected CGCG fields
The second installment of a H I redshift survey in the region of theHercules supercluster is presented. This part of the survey presents 218H I spectra of galaxies selected from the UGC which extends thepreviously begun survey of UGC galaxies in that region. In addition,spectra of 136 galaxies from selected CGCG fields are given. The CGCGfields were chosen to cover the projected position of the Hercules void.Measured H I parameters from the spectra are given. This survey wasconducted for application of the Tully-Fisher relation to search forstreaming motion around the void in front of the supercluster. Theselection effects affecting such a search are discussed in detail.

Investigations of the Local Supercluster velocity field. I - Observations close to Virgo, using Tully-Fisher distances and the Tolman-Bondi expanding sphere
Results are presented of an investigation of the velocity-distancerelation close to the direction of the Virgo cluster, with distancesfrom the Tully-Fisher relation, and with attention to the Malmquistbias. For Theta greater than 8 deg, a behavior is revealed which is asexpected Tolman-Bondi solutions for an expanding spherical massdistribution. Various density distributions, constrained by the massinside the Local Group distance, agree with the observations, but onlyif the mass within the Virgo 6 deg region is close to or larger than thestandard Virgo virial mass values. It is inferred that the central6-degree mass has the standard M (virial) as a rough lower limit. Fromthis it follows, together with the light ratios within the localsupercluster and the light enhancement relative to the general field,that light does not trace mass. Background contamination produces anasymmetrical distribution of velocities behind r(Vir).

Far-infrared properties of Markarian galaxies with multiple nuclei - Warm dust emission in mergers
An investigation of coadded IRAS data is performed on 187 Markariangalaxies where distinguishing morphological characteristics or multipleoptical nuclei are present. The far-IR properties of Markarian galaxiesare compared to the IRAS Bright Galaxy Sample, and a much higher mediandust temperature is found in the multiple nucleus galaxies, suggestingthat more far-IR luminosity results from active star formation. Bothoptical/UV and far-IR selection techniques are necessary to extractcomplete samples of AGNs since the far-IR two-color plane can miss up to50 percent of the galaxies. A systematic increase in the contribution ofwarm dust emission due to active star formation and AGNs is found in astatistical comparison of merger candidates and other galaxy samples.The assumed nature of precursor galaxies determines the assumedenhancement of far-IR luminosity caused by galaxy collisions. A model ispresented which describes the properties of the Markarian galaxies interms of enhanced OB star formation and different grain sizedistributions. The results of the investigation are shown to beconsistent with a 'subdued' interpretation of merging galaxies with highluminosities.

CO in optically selected starburst galaxies
The results of a CO survey of optically selected starburst galaxies arepresented. CO emission was detected in nine of the 42 sample galaxies.The CO-to-blue luminosity ratio is nearly the same for this sample asfor previously detected field spirals. The CO-to-H I luminosity ratiofor starburst galaxies is perhaps a factor of 2.6 larger compared topreviously detected galaxies. The infrared-to-CO luminosity ratio instarburst galaxies is similar to that in isolated spirals, and smallerthan that in strongly interacting galaxies undergoing starbursts. Thesimilarity in global properties between Markarian starburst galaxies andnormal spirals suggests that the starbursts in optically selectedsamples of starburst galaxies occur over a much smaller region thaninfrared-selected samples.

A statistical study of properties of Seyfert and starburst galaxies
Spectral and morphological data for 282 Seyfert and emission-linegalaxies spanning radio to X-ray wavelengths are compiled. The datainclude a large number of optical emission-line measurements which havenot been reported previously. These data are intended to provide aconvenient summary of the relevant properties of these galaxies, as wellas a data base to search for correlations among the various parametersin order to obtain a better understanding of the active galaxyphenomenon. The paper presents the data and analyzes the distributionsof various properties of Seyfert 1 and Seyfert 2 galaxies and starburstgalaxies. It is found that Seyferts 2s have a higher 60 micron/forbiddenO III 5007 A flux ratio than Seyfert 1s. This result, combined with thefact that Seyfert 2s are more heavily reddened, indicate that they havea higher dust content. It is also found that starburst nuclei arecomparable to Seyfert 2s in far-infrared and 20 cm luminosities,although their optical spectra are markedly different.

Not Available

Neutral hydrogen in starburst galaxies
A survey of neutral-hydrogen 21 cm emission from a sample of starburstgalaxies was conducted in order to derive their global properties. Ofthe 72 galaxies surveyed, H I was detected in 47. Average mass-to-lightratios log (MH/Lpg) = -0.7 + or - 0.4 and log (MT/Lpg) = 0.5 + or - 0.4.The masses and luminosities span the range 10 to the 10th-12th solarmasses and 10 to the 9th-11th solar luminosities, typical of normal latespirals. The starburst activity, as measured by the luminosity of theH-alpha line, correlates roughly with the mass of atomic hydrogen, thetotal mass, and the total photographic luminosity of the host galaxy. Itis suggested that the occurrence of a nuclear starburst and the strengthof such an event probably do not depend strongly on the large-scaleproperties of the galaxy.

A catalog of Markarian galaxies
A catalog of Markarian galaxies is presented which tabulates redshifts,spectral and morphological classifications, magnitudes, infrared andradio flux densities, and over 600 references to available datapublished before January 1, 1986. Redshifts are now available for 1228objects with strong ultraviolet continua, and follow-up spectroscopicand photometric observations of Markarian galaxies have providedclassifications of 115 Seyfert 1, 43 Seyfert 2, and 137 starburst and HII-type galaxies. After a description of the Markarian survey and thecurrent catalog, a summary of the general results obtained from the datais presented. A preliminary study of the infrared properties ofMarkarian galaxies as measured by IRAS reveals a number of interestingresults, including the existence of a sample of elliptical andlenticular galaxies with appreciable infrared emission.

Ultraviolet-continuum galaxies with double-nucleus structure Mass/luminosity ratio
For 23 UV-continuum galaxies showing double-nucleus structure, theradial-velocity difference and linear separation of the nuclei, orbitalmass M luminosity L, and M/L ratio are tabulated. The mean biased M/Lfor the double-nucleus galaxies is 3.8 + or - 1.6, a value typical oflate-type galaxies rich in gas and young stars, and consistent with theM/L and the double-nucleus separation probably results from the nucleibeing surrounded by the optical background of the parent galaxy.

On the Period of the Variable V438-OPHIUCHI
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Radial Velocities of Galaxies in the Virgo Cluster
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Double galaxy investigations. I - Observations
Redshift information from 240 A/mm spectrograms is presented for 370double arcsec galaxy systems from the Karachentsev (1972) catalog,including all pairs in that catalog with separation less than 80 arcsec.An extensive error discussion utilizing internal and external (21 cm)comparisons provides calibration of systematic error and determines theuncertainty for a typical high weight optical redshift to be plus orminus 65 km/sec. Internal differential redshifts within single spectrausing common lines achieve accuracies of 18-30 km/sec, depending uponseparation, and are available for about 200 pairs. Extensive informationon emission and other properties is also provided.

Accurate optical positions for Markarian objects 701-797
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1980AJ.....85.1328F&db_key=AST

Galaxies with UV continuum having double and multiple nuclei. II
Based on examination of plates obtained with 0.5-m, 2.6-m, and 6.0-mtelescopes, it is found that 620 galaxies exhibiting a UV excess include59 objects with double or multiple nuclei. The encounter rate for theseobjects is shown to be significantly higher among galaxies with a UVexcess than among other galaxies, indicating that the former have moreactive nuclei than the latter. A list and photographs of the galaxieswith two or more nuclei are presented along with descriptions of theindividual galaxies and a discussion of their morphology. The dataindicate that on the average, the brightness of the galactic nucleiincreases and structural details (filaments, ejecta, and so forth)appear more frequently with increasing separation between thecomponents. It is noted that two of the galaxies with double nuclei areType 1 Seyferts.

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Observation and Astrometry data

Right ascension:13h16m52.20s
Aparent dimensions:0.759′ × 0.631′

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NGC 2000.0NGC 5058

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