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High spatial resolution radio continuum observations of compact H {II} regions in the Magellanic Clouds
We present high spatial resolution observations of the 6 cm continuumemission of compact H II regions in well-known sites of massive starformation located in the Small and Large Magellanic Clouds. Theobservations include N81 in the SMC, and N4A, N83B, N11A, N160A andN159-5 in the LMC. Some of the compact H II regions are isolated, whileothers are embedded in more diffuse ionised regions. A description ofthe radio morphology of the sources, together with comparisons withother observations, is given in detail. The regions cover a wide rangein size (from ˜ 0.1 to 7 pc), rms electron density (from ˜200 to 6500 cm-3), emission measure (from~3×105 to 2×107 pc cm-6),ionised gas mass (from ˜ 0.2 to 750 Mȯ) and rateof Lyman continuum photons (from ~ 3× 1047 to5×1049 s-1). The spectral types determinedfrom the Lyman continuum fluxes are consistent with opticaldeterminations. We have compared these Magellanic Cloud H II regionswith their Galactic counterparts in terms of size, rms electron densityand Lyman continuum flux. This comparison shows that their propertiesrelate to each other in the same way as those in Galactic H II regions.

The Effects of Dust in Simple Environments: Large Magellanic Cloud H II Regions
We investigate the effects of dust on Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC)H II region spectral energy distributions usingarcminute-resolution far-ultraviolet (FUV), Hα, far-infrared(FIR), and radio images. Widely used indicators of the amount of lightlost to dust (attenuation) at Hα and in the FUV correlate witheach other, although often with substantial scatter. There are twointeresting systematic discrepancies: First, Hα attenuationsestimated from the Balmer decrement are lower than those estimated fromthe Hα-to-thermal radio luminosity ratio. Our data, at this stage,cannot unambiguously identify the source of this discrepancy. Second,the attenuation at 1500 Å and the UV spectral slope, β,correlate, although the slope and scatter are substantially differentfrom the correlation first derived for starbursting galaxies by Calzettiet al. Combining our result with those of Meurer et al. forultraluminous infrared galaxies and Calzetti et al. for starburstinggalaxies, we conclude that no single relation between β and 1500Å attenuation is applicable to all star-forming systems.

A CO Survey of the LMC with NANTEN: III. Formation of Stellar Clusters and Evolution of Molecular Clouds
In order to elucidate star formation in the LMC, we made a completestudy of CO clouds with NANTEN. In the present paper, we compare 55giant molecular clouds (GMCs), whose physical quantities were welldetermined, with young objects, such as young stellar clusters and HIIregions. We find that the GMCs are actively forming stars and clusters;23 and 40 are found to be associated with the clusters and the HIIregions, respectively. The clusters associated with the GMCs aresignificantly young; ~ 85% of them are younger than ~ 10 Myr. Inaddition, compact groups of the young clusters are often found at thepeak position of the GMCs, e.g., N 159 and N 44, while much loosergroups are away from the GMCs. This suggests that the clusters areformed in groups and disperse as they become old. The distributions ofthe CO, [CII], and UV indicate that the GMCs are likely to be rapidlydissipated within several Myr due to UV photons from the clusters. Wealso estimate the evolutionary time scale of the GMCs; they form starsin a few Myr after their birth, and form clusters during the next fewMyr, and are dissipated in the subsequent few Myr.

A Revised and Extended Catalog of Magellanic System Clusters, Associations, and Emission Nebulae. II. The Large Magellanic Cloud
A survey of extended objects in the Large Magellanic Cloud was carriedout on the ESO/SERC R and J Sky Survey Atlases, checking entries inprevious catalogs and searching for new objects. The census provided6659 objects including star clusters, emission-free associations, andobjects related to emission nebulae. Each of these classes containsthree subclasses with intermediate properties, which are used to infertotal populations. The survey includes cross identifications amongcatalogs, and we present 3246 new objects. We provide accuratepositions, classification, and homogeneous measurements of sizes andposition angles, as well as information on cluster pairs andhierarchical relation for superimposed objects. This unification andenlargement of catalogs is important for future searches of fainter andsmaller new objects. We discuss the angular and size distributions ofthe objects of the different classes. The angular distributions show twooff-centered systems with different inclinations, suggesting that theLMC disk is warped. The present catalog together with its previouscounterpart for the SMC and the inter-Cloud region provide a totalpopulation of 7847 extended objects in the Magellanic System. Theangular distribution of the ensemble reveals important clues on theinteraction between the LMC and SMC.

Mid-IR mapping of the region of N 4 in the Large Magellanic Cloud with ISOCAM
We present images of the N 4 region in the Large Magellanic Cloudobtained with ISOCAM on board ISO through broad band filters centered at6.75 and 15 mu m. Far from the three H i I regions contained in the map,the emission at both wavelengths is due to the Unidentified InfraredBands and associated continuum and originates in the external layers ofa molecular cloud complex. The ratio between the intensities at 15 and6.75 mu m is =~ 0.6-0.7 comparable to the 0.55-0.85 ratio found in ourGalaxy. Closer to the H i I regions, this ratio increases when theultraviolet radiation density reaches =~ 10(3) times the radiationdensity near the Sun, due to the contribution of very small grains tothe flux near 15 mu m. The emission at both wavelengths is maximum inthe direction of an interface between the main H i I region N 4A and themolecular cloud, a region very similar to the classical interface of M17 in our Galaxy. We have detected at both mid-IR wavelengths theemission of a M supergiant present in the field. Based on observationswith ISO, an ESA project with instruments funded by ESA member states(especially the PI countries: France, Germany, the Netherlands and theUnited Kingdom) and with the participation of ISAS and NASA.

Extinction of H II regions in the Large Magellanic Cloud
The extinction properties of H II regions in the Large Magellanic Cloudare investigated using radio continuum data obtained from the MolongloObservatory Synthesis Telescope, digitized and calibrated H-alpha data,and published Balmer decrement measurements. The resultingextinction-color excess diagram suggests that (1) most H II regions inthe Magellanic Clouds have similar extinction properties to the Galacticones, (2) all imaginable gas/dust configurations are possible, and (3)the extinction of some highly reddened H II region cores originatesexternally in cocoon shells. The puzzle of different extinction-colorexcess ratios of Galactic and extragalactic H II regions is explained asbeing due to the different populations of observed samples rather thanany intrinsic differences. The extinction of the observed Galactic H IIregions produced by foreground dust overwhelms the internal extinction,while the situation in the observed extragalactic H II regions is justthe opposite.

Classical H II regions in the Magellanic Clouds. 2: Stellar content
In this second in a series of papers on the nature of classical H IIregions in the Magellanic Clouds I investigate the properties of theunderlying stellar content of the nebulae. Particular emphasis is placedon identifying and classifying the ionizing source(s) for each H IIregion. With the exception of the LMC H II regions DEM 20 and DEM 8c, Ifind that all of the objects in this sample are ionized by more than oneO or B star. Even the faintest H II regions reflect the formation of ahandful of massive, albeit early B type, stars. Typically, one staraccounts for 60% - 70% of the ionizing photons and 2 - 5 less massivestars provide the remaining 30% - 40%. From the statistics of thehottest stars in these H II regions, and from considering all the bluestars contained within each region, the distribution of massive starswith spectral type is consistent with results found in similar galacticH II regions.

Classical H II regions in the Magellanic Clouds. 1: Physical properties
In the first in a series of papers I present a detailed examination ofthe basic physical properties of a sample of classical H II regions inthe Magellanic Clouds. Narrow band H alpha imaging is used to show thatsuch objects are representative of the most common H II regions in theClouds and that they display a wide range of morphologicalcharacteristics. Spectroscopic data show that, as a result of the lowmetal content, classical H II regions in the Clouds are systematicallyhotter than their Galactic counterparts. The data also suggest theexistence of a correlation between the excitation of an H II region andits emission measure. The spectra of one object, DEM 243, indicates thepresence of a low velocity shock passing through this H II region. Ialso discuss the characteristics of the extinction towards these objectsand speculate that it arises from dust local to the H II regionsthemselves.

Dust in emission nebulae of the LMC derived from photometric reddening of stars
VBLUW photometric observations of stars in emission nebulae of the LMCare reported. The luminosities and extinctions of the stars are derived.Agreement is found between the average photometric extinctions of thenebulae and the extinctions derived from the Balmer line decrementmeasured by Caplan and Deharveng (1985 and 1986). The photometricextinctions are shown in the CO map of the LMC (Cohen et al., 1988).

H II regions and star formation in the Magellanic Clouds
Photoelectrically calibrated maps of the H-alpha emission in theMagellanic Clouds have been used to measure integrated fluxes forseveral hundred H II regions and to study the properties of the H IIregion populations in the galaxies. The H II regions span a range of10,000 in luminosity, from objects on the scale of the Orion Nebula tothe 30 Doradus complex. The H-alpha luminosity function is wellrepresented over this entire range by a power law function, indicatingthat there is no characteristic luminosity scale for the H II regions.The distributions of nebular diameters, on the other hand, are fittedwell by exponential functions, with a scale length of 80 pc. Approximatefluxes for several of the extended filamentary networks in the galaxieshave also been measured. This extended component probability contributes15-25 percent of the total H-alpha luminosity of the galaxies.

Extinction and reddening of H II regions in the Large Magellanic Cloud
Absolute H-alpha and H-beta of H II regions in the Large MagellanicCloud are used in conjunction with radio continuum, 21-cm line, andstellar UBV data to study the dust associated with these regions.Various hypotheses concerning the optical properties and the spatialdistribution of the dust are examined, and the predicted characteristicsare compared with the observations. Uniform interstellar extinctioncannot explain the data. The following picture which is consistent withthe observations is suggested: some of the extinction is due to clumpeddust well outside of the emission zone, and the rest is caused by dustlocated closer to the ionized gas where scattering effects areimportant. This latter dust probably lies mostly just outside theboundary of the H II region, but some of the dust may be internal.

Absolute H-alpha and H-beta photometry of LMC H II regions
Absolute photoelectric H-alpha and H-beta photometry of 51 H II regionsand filaments in the LMC has been done. In this paper, theinstrumentation is described, the reduction procedures are explained,and the results are presented in the form of a catalog. A correspondingatlas is provided, showing photographs from the ESO red survey on whichobserved radio continuum contours and position indicators aresuperposed.

Observations of giant bubbles in the Large Magellanic Cloud
Forbidden line S II/H-alpha intensity line ratio mapping and radialvelocity data as well as monochromatic photographs are presented for asample of bubbles in the LMC and some classical H II regions. Thebubbles of unknown origin have line ratios greater than those of the HII regions and thus appear to fill the gap between thermal andnonthermal radio sources. All the bubbles or filamentary nebulae haveimportant internal kinematical motions while the velocity dispersion isabout 6-7 km/s for the H II regions. The large complex nebulae havevalues similar to simple H II regions in their brightest parts, whilethe faintest parts exhibit greater dispersions and conspicuoussplittings and broadenings. The ionized bubbles appear to beintermediate between classical young H II regions and supernovaremnants.

The nebular complexes of the large and small Magellanic Clouds
Long exposures of the complexes of ionized hydrogen in both the LMC andSMC have been taken with the 48-in. SRC Schmidt camera through a H-alpha+ forbidden NII interference filter of 100-A bandwidth. These plates andidentifying charts are presented in a form in which little informationis lost. A catalog of many individual emission regions in both thesegalaxies is also compiled. The relationships between the nebulositiesand OB associations as well as between 21-cm neutral hydrogen emissionand continuum radio emission are discussed, and a number ofsupernova-remnant candidates are listed for further study.

Catalogues of Hα-EMISSION Stars and Nebulae in the Magellanic Clouds.
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1956ApJS....2..315H&db_key=AST

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Observation and Astrometry data

Right ascension:04h52m10.00s
Apparent magnitude:99.9

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NGC 2000.0NGC 1715

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