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Near-infrared spectroscopy of starburst galaxies
We present new K-band spectroscopy for a sample of 48 starburstgalaxies, obtained using UKIRT in Hawaii. This constitutes a fair sampleof the most common types of starburst galaxies found in the nearbyUniverse, containing galaxies with different morphologies, masses andmetallicities, with far-infrared luminosityLIR<1010Lsolar. The variety ofnear-infrared spectral features shown by these galaxies impliesdifferent bursts characteristics, which suggests that we survey galaxieswith different star formation histories or at different stages of theirburst evolution. Using synthetic starburst models, we conclude that theensemble of parameters that best describes starburst galaxies in thenearby UniverseQ1 is a constant rate of star formation, a Salpeterinitial mass function (IMF) with an upper mass cut-off ofMup=30Msolar and bursts ages between 10Myr and1Gyr. The model is fully consistent with the differences observed in theoptical and far-infrared (FIR) between the different types ofstarbursts. It suggests that Hii galaxies have younger bursts and lowermetallicities than starburst nucleus galaxies (SBNGs), while luminousinfrared galaxies (LIRGs) have younger bursts but higher metallicities.Although the above solution from the synthetic starburst model is fullyconsistent with our data, it may not constitute a strong constraint onthe duration of the bursts and the IMF. A possible alternative may be asequence of short bursts (which may follow an universal IMF) over arelatively long period of time. In favour of the multiple-bursthypothesis, we distinguish in our spectra some variations ofnear-infrared (NIR) features with the aperture that can be interpretedas evidence that the burst regions are not homogeneous in space andtime. We also found that the burst stellar populations are dominated byearly-type B stars, a characteristic which seems difficult to explainwith only one evolved burst. Our observations suggest that the starburstphenomenon must be a sustained or self-sustained phenomenon: either starformation is continuous in time, or multiple bursts happen in sequenceover a relatively long period of time. The generality of ourobservations implies that this is a characteristic of starburst galaxiesin the nearby Universe.

Nearby Optical Galaxies: Selection of the Sample and Identification of Groups
In this paper we describe the Nearby Optical Galaxy (NOG) sample, whichis a complete, distance-limited (cz<=6000 km s-1) andmagnitude-limited (B<=14) sample of ~7000 optical galaxies. Thesample covers 2/3 (8.27 sr) of the sky (|b|>20deg) andappears to have a good completeness in redshift (97%). We select thesample on the basis of homogenized corrected total blue magnitudes inorder to minimize systematic effects in galaxy sampling. We identify thegroups in this sample by means of both the hierarchical and thepercolation ``friends-of-friends'' methods. The resulting catalogs ofloose groups appear to be similar and are among the largest catalogs ofgroups currently available. Most of the NOG galaxies (~60%) are found tobe members of galaxy pairs (~580 pairs for a total of ~15% of objects)or groups with at least three members (~500 groups for a total of ~45%of objects). About 40% of galaxies are left ungrouped (field galaxies).We illustrate the main features of the NOG galaxy distribution. Comparedto previous optical and IRAS galaxy samples, the NOG provides a densersampling of the galaxy distribution in the nearby universe. Given itslarge sky coverage, the identification of groups, and its high-densitysampling, the NOG is suited to the analysis of the galaxy density fieldof the nearby universe, especially on small scales.

Hubble Space Telescope Observations of Two Dynamically Young Elliptical Galaxies
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1997AJ....114.1797W&db_key=AST

Survey Observations of Emission-Line Stars in the Orion Region V. The Outer Regions
We carried out survey observations for Hα emission stars in six Kisoareas A-0831 (5(deg}×5({deg)) , centered at alpha = 5() h 20() m, delta = +5(deg) ), A-0832 (alpha = 5() h 40() m, delta = +5(deg) ),A-0833 (alpha = 6() h 00() m, delta = +5(deg) ), A-0902 (alpha = 5() h00() m, delta = +0(deg) ), A-0905 (alpha = 6() h 40() m, delta = +0(deg)), and A-0974 (alpha = 5() h 00() m, delta = -5(deg) ) in a series ofextensive surveys in the Orion region. The observations were made usingthe Kiso Schmidt telescope. The numbers of detected Hα emissionstars were 4, 3, 6, 3, 12, and 20 for areas A-0831, A-0832, A-0833,A-0902, A-0905, and A-0974, respectively. Since four of the starsoverlapped each other, the total number is 44. Out of them, 31 are newfindings. Five new nonstellar objects with Hα emission were alsodetected. The celestial coordinates and V magnitudes of the detectedstars were measured, along with an eye estimation of the Hα emissionstrengths. The brightness distribution, which peaks at V = 15 suggeststhat the detected Hα -emission stars are probable candidates of TTauri-type stars.

The morphological catalogue of galaxies equatorial survey
We present 865 redshifts of galaxies located in the equatorial stripdelta between -17.5 deg and -2.5 deg in the right ascension rangebetween 20 h and 5 h. Redshifts have been obtained for the completesample of all 833 galaxies in the Morphological Catalog of Galaxies withmagnitudes brighter than m = 14.5 (corresponding approximately tom(Zwicky) = 15.0). This sample also includes three galaxies from othersources with more reliable magnitudes, satisfying this limit, and 29fainter galaxies, usually companions of the galaxies in the magnitudelimited sample. Our maps of a very large volume of nearby spacedemonstrate a variety of coherent large scale structures which includelarge voids, 20-50/h Mpc in diameter and large walls at least 70/h Mpcacross.

X-ray and infrared selected AGN. II - Optical spectroscopy
In a search for obscured active galactic nuclei, 144 X-ray/IR emittinggalaxies were selected. Optical spectroscopy of this sample ispresented. A classification according to the nuclear activity shows that28 are AGN, 39 are transition-type objects, and 44 are H II region-likegalaxies. Three of the 28 AGN are Seyfert 1 galaxies and the others areof Type 2. It is suggested that the objects identified as narrow lineAGN are obscured Seyfert 1. Most of the observed galaxies are seenedge-on, indicating that dust may have a flattened distribution coplanarto the disk of the parent galaxy. With the inclusion of the newlyidentified AGN, the sample of the X-ray emitting Seyfert 2 galaxies isfairly complete above a flux limit of log F(Hx) = -10.8.

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Observation and Astrometry data

Right ascension:04h51m50.20s
Aparent dimensions:1.349′ × 1.047′

Catalogs and designations:
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NGC 2000.0NGC 1681

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