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|Multicolor Optical Imaging of Infrared-warm Seyfert Galaxies. II. Optical and Infrared Properties and Their Correlations|
This paper is the second in a series, studying the optical properties ofa sample of mid-IR-warm Seyfert galaxies and a control sample ofmid-IR-cold galaxies. The present paper is devoted to aperturephotometry. We discuss nuclear (within the central 2 kpc) and diskoptical properties and their correlations with IR properties. Ourresults suggest intrinsic differences in the host properties of theSeyfert type 1 and 2 nuclei. We find a transition in the observedoptical and IR properties from the cold to the warm Seyfert 2 andSeyfert 1 samples, with a partial overlap between the first two. This isin the sense of (1) increasing nuclear optical luminosities and bluernuclear colors, (2) decreasing disk optical luminosities and sizes, and(3) increasing 25 μm luminosities, decreasing far-IR excess(LFIR/LB) and IR loudness(α(V,25), α(V,60)), and bluerα(25,60), and α(12,100) colors. Weinterpret these results as indicating larger dust content and disk starformation for Seyfert 2s, while the optical properties of Seyfert 1s aremostly dominated by their nuclei. The 25 μm emission of the warmsample is mainly due to the active galactic nucleus (AGN) thermalcomponent, although in Seyfert 2s it is probably further enhanced bydisk star formation. The far-IR (60-100 μm) luminosity traces mainlyemission at large scales (the host disks for both Seyfert types). In theIR-cold galaxies, the bulk of IR emission at all wavelengths appears tobe dominated by dust in their disks.
|The Southern Sky Redshift Survey|
We report redshifts, magnitudes, and morphological classifications for5369 galaxies with m_B <= 15.5 and for 57 galaxies fainter than thislimit, in two regions covering a total of 1.70 sr in the southerncelestial hemisphere. The galaxy catalog is drawn primarily from thelist of nonstellar objects identified in the Hubble Space TelescopeGuide Star Catalog (GSC). The galaxies have positions accurate to ~1"and magnitudes with an rms scatter of ~0.3 mag. We compute magnitudes(m_SSRS2) from the relation between instrumental GSC magnitudes and thephotometry by Lauberts & Valentijn. From a comparison with CCDphotometry, we find that our system is homogeneous across the sky andcorresponds to magnitudes measured at the isophotal level ~26 magarcsec^-2. The precision of the radial velocities is ~40 km s^-1, andthe redshift survey is more than 99% complete to the m_SSRS2 = 15.5 maglimit. This sample is in the direction opposite that of the CfA2; incombination the two surveys provide an important database for studies ofthe properties of galaxies and their large-scale distribution in thenearby universe. Based on observations obtained at Cerro TololoInter-American Observatory, National Optical Astronomy Observatories,operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy,Inc., under cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation;Complejo Astronomico El Leoncito, operated under agreement between theConsejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas de laRepública Argentina and the National Universities of La Plata,Córdoba, and San Juan; the European Southern Observatory, LaSilla, Chile, partially under the bilateral ESO-ObservatórioNacional agreement; Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory;Laboratório Nacional de Astrofísica, Brazil; and the SouthAfrican Astronomical Observatory.
|An image database. II. Catalogue between δ=-30deg and δ=70deg.|
A preliminary list of 68.040 galaxies was built from extraction of35.841 digitized images of the Palomar Sky Survey (Paper I). For eachgalaxy, the basic parameters are obtained: coordinates, diameter, axisratio, total magnitude, position angle. On this preliminary list, weapply severe selection rules to get a catalog of 28.000 galaxies, wellidentified and well documented. For each parameter, a comparison is madewith standard measurements. The accuracy of the raw photometricparameters is quite good despite of the simplicity of the method.Without any local correction, the standard error on the total magnitudeis about 0.5 magnitude up to a total magnitude of B_T_=17. Significantsecondary effects are detected concerning the magnitudes: distance toplate center effect and air-mass effect.
|A multifrequency radio continuum and IRAS faint source survey of markarian galaxies|
Results are presented from a multifrequency radio continumm survey ofMarkarian galaxies (MRKs) and are supplemented by IRAS infrared datafrom the Faint Source Survey. Radio data are presented for 899 MRKsobserved at nu = 4.755 GHz with the National Radio Astronomy Observatory(NRAO)-Green Bank 300 foot (91 m) telescope, including nearly 88% ofthose objects in Markarian lists VI-XIV. In addition, 1.415 GHzmeasurements of 258 MRKs, over 30% of the MRKs accessible from theNational Aeronomy and Ionosphere Center (NAIC)-Arecibo, are reported.Radio continuum observations of smaller numbers of MRKs were made at10.63 GHz and at 23.1 GHz and are also presented. Infrared data from theIRAS Faint Source Survey (Ver. 2) are presented for 944 MRKs, withreasonably secure identifications extracted from the NASA/IPACExtragalactic Database. MRKs exhibit the same canonical infraredcharacteristics as those reported for various other galaxy samples, thatis well-known enhancement of the 25 micrometer/60 micrometer color ratioamong Seyfert MRKs, and a clear tendency for MRKs with warmer 60micrometer/100 micrometer colors to also possess cooler 12 micrometer/25micrometer colors. In addition, non-Seyfert are found to obey thewell-documented infrared/radio luminosity correlation, with the tightestcorrelation seen for starburst MRKs.
|Gas content of infrared luminous markarian galaxies|
The atomic and molecular hydrogen gas properties of a complete sample ofMarkarian galaxies with flux density at 60 µm higher than 1.95 Jyare presented. We present the improved far-infrared luminosity functionof Markarian galaxies; and its comparison with other samples. We findthat 40% of the bright IRAS galaxies of far-infrared luminosity higherthan 1010.5 L are Markarian galaxies. There is an absence of correlationbetween HI content of Markarian galaxies and current star formationactivity, implying that star formation in these systems has complexstructure and it is not a simple function of the HI content. On thecontrary, the H2 content of Markarian galaxies is well correlated withstar formation activity. It is argued that tight correlation between HIand H2 contents is a consequence of transformation of atomic hydrogeninto molecular.
|The morphological catalogue of galaxies equatorial survey|
We present 865 redshifts of galaxies located in the equatorial stripdelta between -17.5 deg and -2.5 deg in the right ascension rangebetween 20 h and 5 h. Redshifts have been obtained for the completesample of all 833 galaxies in the Morphological Catalog of Galaxies withmagnitudes brighter than m = 14.5 (corresponding approximately tom(Zwicky) = 15.0). This sample also includes three galaxies from othersources with more reliable magnitudes, satisfying this limit, and 29fainter galaxies, usually companions of the galaxies in the magnitudelimited sample. Our maps of a very large volume of nearby spacedemonstrate a variety of coherent large scale structures which includelarge voids, 20-50/h Mpc in diameter and large walls at least 70/h Mpcacross.
|A catalog of Markarian galaxies|
A catalog of Markarian galaxies is presented which tabulates redshifts,spectral and morphological classifications, magnitudes, infrared andradio flux densities, and over 600 references to available datapublished before January 1, 1986. Redshifts are now available for 1228objects with strong ultraviolet continua, and follow-up spectroscopicand photometric observations of Markarian galaxies have providedclassifications of 115 Seyfert 1, 43 Seyfert 2, and 137 starburst and HII-type galaxies. After a description of the Markarian survey and thecurrent catalog, a summary of the general results obtained from the datais presented. A preliminary study of the infrared properties ofMarkarian galaxies as measured by IRAS reveals a number of interestingresults, including the existence of a sample of elliptical andlenticular galaxies with appreciable infrared emission.
|Spectral observations of Markaryan galaxies. IV|
The results are given of spectral observations of 109 Markaryan galaxiesin lists X-XI. The radial velocities, absolute magnitudes, lineardimensions, and visual estimates of the relative intensities of theemission lines are given. Among these objects, five are identified asSeyfert galaxies: Markaryan 928, 957, 984, 1058, and 1066. The massesand mass-to-luminosity ratios are estimated for four pairs and groups ofgalaxies. A list is given of 25 Markaryan galaxies for which the authorshave not discovered emission lines.
|Accurate Optical Positions for Markarian Galaxies 798-1095|
Abstract image available at:http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?1981AJ.....86..811K&db_key=AST
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